发布时间:2018-02-13 09:15:00 作者:信息化处 来源:科创365、市科工信局-朱辉年


China will strengthen basic scientific research



Huang Wei, Vice Minister of China’s Ministry of Science and Technology said at a news briefing held by the State Council recently that China will strengthen basic scientific research and strive to establish itself as the world's major scientific center and an innovative high ground by the middle of this century. At the meeting, Opinions on Comprehensively Strengthening Basic Science Research (hereinafter referred to as "Opinions") recently released by the State Council were also analyzed.


Opinions sets a clear goal of "three-step development" for basic science research in China, puts forward that by the middle of this century China should be built into a major scientific center in the world and an innovative high ground. A number of major and original scientific achievements and top international sci-tech worker will be produced. Thus a strong scientific support could be laid down for building China into a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized and harmonious socialist country with strong sci-tech research capacities.




Researchers at Tongji University succeed in world’s first stem-cell-regenerated healthy lung tissue



Chinese researchers have regenerated human lung tissue in a patient using that patient's own stem cells, the first time that has been achieved worldwide, said Zuo Wei, lead researcher of the team from the School of Medicine of Tongji University in Shanghai.

After obtaining dozens of stem cells by brushing a patient’s lungs, researchers let the cells multiply into the tens of millions in a lab, then transplanted them into the damaged part of the patient’s lungs. After three to six months of multiplication, migration and differentiation, the stem cells formed new air sacs and lung structures, repairing the damaged tissues.

A paper about the study has been published on the Beijing-based international journal Protein& Cell as the cover story.


---Xinhua News Agency


Lasers stop near-light speed electrons for the first time



Recently UK-based researchers have demonstrated radiation reaction in the lab  – stopping electrons travelling at near-light speeds for the first time using an ultra-intense laser beam – in the lab. The experiment reveals the dynamics that goes beyond classical physics and suggests the existence of quantum effects, potentially helping scientists better understand the phenomena that occur in some of the most extreme environments in the universe and the quantum electrodynamics.


---Science and Technology Daily


Motorola patents design for borderless flexible OLED screen



Recently the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) has released a patent – a borderless flexible OLED screen – filed by Motorola. The flexible screen, capable of being folded and unfolded like paper, could act as the screen of a smartphone and dupe as a large display for tablets or PCs when unfolded.



Britain scientists develop the first healthy human kidney tissue



In a first for medical science, Britain scientists have successfully produced within a living organism human kidney tissue that is able to filter blood and produce urine, a significant milestone in the development of treatment for kidney diseases. In addition to dialysis or kidney transplantation, this research is expected to be an alternative therapy for millions of people with kidney disease worldwide.


---Xinhua News Agency


Researchers find efficient way to filter salt and metal ions from water



An international team has recently developed a new material that can efficiently filter salt and metal ions from seawater, opening the door to effective seawater desalination and metal recovery.


In a study published on the latest issue of the US journal Science Advances, an international team of scientists from Australia, the US and China reported that they had developed metal-organic frameworks that could mimic the filtering function of organic cell membranes. These membranes have potential to remove salts from seawater and separate metal ions in an efficient and cost-effective manner.


---Xinhua News Agency


Qianlong-2 completes its first underwater mission during China’s 49th ocean expedition



Recently, China’s deep-sea research vessel Xiangyanghong 10 arrived in the work area of southwest Indian Ocean. At 11:50, the unmanned  submersible Qianlong-2 carried by the vessel was successfully launched into water for exploration. This is Qianlong-2’s first underwater mission during China’s 49th ocean expedition, and the 40th underwater mission of this vehicle.


During this mission, Qianlong-2 worked for a total of 30 hours near the ocean floor, with a voyage of around 70 kilometers and the greatest diving depth of 2,920 meters. In a sea area with an altitude difference of over 1,800 meters, Qianlong-2 obtained a large number of detailed data on landforms and data from various sensors, indicating that the submersible has the capacity for highly intelligent autonomous obstacle avoidance and stable navigation control.



北京首个自动驾驶测试场启用 智能纯电动车今年上市

Beijing’s first self-driving test field launched



Recently, the Haidian Base for National Smart Vehicles and Smart Traffic (Beijing-Hebei) Demonstration Zone has been officially launched. 

This is the first test field for automatic driving vehicles in Beijing. Companies including Beiqi New Energy, Beiqi Foton, Baidu, HiRain Technologies and HoloMatic have carried out R&D tests of their self-driving vehicles at the base. In addition, Beijing’s traffic authority will make available the first roads for self-driving testing.


---Xinhua News Agency


Shanghai Kunya Medical Equipment raises tens of millions in Round B financing



Shanghai Kunya Medical Equipment Co., Ltd, a medical equipment service platform provider, said recently that it has raised tens of millions in its Round B financing. Legend Capital led the financing, joined by Highlight Capital which was one of the investors in Kunya’s previous financing bid. After this round of financing, Kunya Medical will expand its medical departments and service lines, and integrate the supply channel of spare medical products and equipment. By making use of an integrated service system, Shanghai Kunya aims for expanding its market share while lowering the cost of operations.



Zhangjiang Science City launches intensive medical services



“Amber Valley”, an industrial Park with a high concentration of medical enterprises in Zhangjiang, Shanghai, was opened to the public. It is reported that “Amber Valley”, relying on the innovations made by Peoplenet in the fields of information security plus smart communities, has combined the existing systems of intelligent hardware and software, set up a universal data base and built a platform governing network coverage and internet servers. The sharing, integration and innovation of park information and services can be realized by means of network, hand-held smart devices, Internet of Things covering the entire park and working on the move.


---Science and Technology Daily


The government should pay attention to and support the development of private science innovation enterprises – reflection part three on Musk’s story


Commentator: Ke Jian


It is widely accepted that the operational mechanism of private companies are full of dynamism. However, the unique development model of science innovation in private enterprises is hardly known amongst the public. Scientific and technological innovation is to explore the mysteries of science unknown to the mankind both at present and in the immediate future. Some science mysteries are to be unraveled step by step by just a few or even one person through long-time hard work and researches. Once those scientific results get some support, either in forms of finance or other means, they are highly likely to be transferred into extensive applications in various industries. Being flexible, independent and creative, private science innovation companies have greater chances of garnering financial support or other forms of assistance, which will, in turn, promote the industrialization of scientific results in the market. One typical example is one of Musk’s aerospace ambitions – the successful launch and recovery of “Falcon Heavy” rocket, which opens up broad market demands for tourism and new materials, just to name a few.


It is crucial to learn the success stories of Musk and pay much attention to the typical development features of private science innovation companies, which is one of the major areas to be researched in the new era when Shanghai is channeling great energies into building itself into a global competitive hub of scientific and technological innovation. We must further emancipate our mind, strive for innovation and reform while lending strong support to the development of private enterprises by offering them favorable policies. Moreover, we should also support those who devote themselves to scientific work and encourage them to reach their dreams. With all these measures, more original scientific innovations can be achieved.